California Department of Finance, Statewide Leadership Accountability Act (SLAA)
Statewide Leadership Accountability Act[/button] Government Code sections 13400 through 13407, known as the State Leadership Accountability Act (SLAA), was enacted to reduce the waste of resources and strengthen internal control. SLAA requires each state agency to maintain effective systems of internal control, to evaluate and monitor the effectiveness of these controls on an ongoing basis, and to biennially report on the adequacy of the agency’s systems of internal control.
U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), Standards for Internal Control in the Federal Government
Internal control helps an entity run its operations efficiently and effectively, report reliable information about its operations, and comply with applicable laws and regulations. Standards for Internal Control in the Federal Government, known as the “Green Book,” sets the standards for an effective internal control system for federal agencies.
United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-123, Management’s Responsibility for Enterprise Risk Management and Internal Control
“The Administration has emphasized the importance of having appropriate risk management processes and systems to identify challenges early, to bring them to the attention of Agency leadership, and to develop solutions. To that end, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is updating this Circular to ensure Federal managers are effectively managing risks an Agency faces toward achieving its strategic objectives and arising from its activities and operations. These expanded responsibilities reinforce the purposes of the Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act (FMFIA) and the Government Performance and Results Act Modernization Act (GPRAMA), and support the Administration’s commitment to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of Government.”
GAO ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT: Selected Agencies’ Experiences Illustrate Good Practices in Managing Risk
Federal managers often handle complex and risky missions, such as preparing for and responding to natural disasters, and building and managing safe transportation systems. While it is not possible to eliminate all uncertainties in these types of projects, there are strategies that can help plan and manage them.